To survive tomorrow, one has to work hard today

The problems of development of the Russian fuel and power production complex attract the attention of oil and gas producers of various countries. The reason for that is the continental shelf which is rich in hydrocarbons, and many foreign companies would like to participate in its exploration.

The 5th International Forum «Fuel and Energy Complex of Russia: Regional Issues» held in St.Petersburg recently, was dedicated to the sources of raw materials in Russia and potential exploration of oil and gas fields.

An all-nation system of geological research control of the country’s territory has always been important for Russia in view of the economic perspective. Academician Aleksey Kontorovich, Chairman of the Academic Council in Geology, and the Development of Oil and Gas Deposits of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Oil and Gas Geology Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told in his report about the challenges for the Russian Fuel and Power Complex:

“It is necessary to accelerate the development of new deposits. There are so many big deposits in West Siberia only, which have not been put in operation for the last 15 years, that at least 120 to 150,000,000 tons of oil could have been extracted there. We need a clear and efficient program in this area. Accordingly, we should develop transportation networks because the majority of the deposits are in the Yamal-Nenets autonomous District.

“The second target is to toughen the control of the quality development of oil and gas fields. “The third problem is to reproduce the source of minerals and other raw materials.

And the last one is the price policy. Our gas prices are considerably lower than the European and the world prices, which is unacceptable.

“We need an efficient program of putting in operation the deposits which have been opened, explored but not developed. It is necessary to increase the investment into geological work 4-5-fold, and this is the responsibility of business.

“We must develop and improve the system of transportation of oil and gas from Yamal, and we should review the opportunity of oil and gas transportation from the Barentz Sea, West Siberia, and the Far East. Summing up, we need a target-oriented government policy in all lines of oil and gas complex development.”

Boris Nikitin, Deputy Chief of the Department of Gas, Gas Condensate, and Oil fields in various districts of the country and on the continental shelf. The strategic objective of Gazprom is to bring the annual gas production to approximately 590 billion m3 by 2020, and to 630 billion m3 by 2030. This will cover 80% of the national gas production.

The development of gas production by Gazprom companies is secured for the nearest future by 10 trillion m3 of actual reserves, however, 6 trillion m3 are in the depths of Yamal, which have no gas producing structure up to this time.

There are good opportunities for the development of mineral and raw material sources in the Northern districts of this country. The main interest of Gazprom is in the development of the continental shelf of the Pechora and Barentz seas. It is considered to be one of the main strategic fields of gas development. The Stockman gas and condensate field has been earmarked as the basic one. As is known, its fields are composed of 3.2 trillion m3 of gas. This means that this gas field can annually yield the quantities of gas equal to Norway – a major internal exporter of natural gas in Europe. The period of continuous gas production secured by the operation of basic deposits is estimated to be 15 years.

The plans of Gazprom for the development of hydrocarbon resources on the shelf of the Pechora Sea will be connected with the emerging big oil deposits: the Prilazlom and the Dolgin oil fields, and with a number of potential structures. The explored reserves at the Prilazlom oil field amount to approximately 100 mil. tons.

On the whole, the main regions for supporting the gas production further than year 2025 will be the Barenz and the Kara seas. The development of gas production in the 30-ies of the XXI century will only be possible if the fields located on the shelf of the west seas of the Arctic Ocean are involved in the industrial production.

Gas production is projected to be developed not only in the Barenz and the Kara seas, but also on the shelf of the Laptevs Sea. It is certain that not only in 2030, but also during the whole XXI century the substantial growth in the extension of the gas reserves can be received due to the extraction from the depths of the Arctic regions, West Siberia, from the seas and the Northwest part of the Siberian platform.

Go to Index of # 2(12) 2005

 

# 2(12), 2005
Ocean and shelf exploration